Language – Georgian
Time zone:- UTC+4 (Georgia Time GET)
Currency:- Georgian lari (GEL)
Welcome to the Section of Georgia Travel Guide. From the Black Sea to the Gorgeous Mountains the country of Georgia is packed with stunning landscapes intrigue you in cities and centuries of history.
Now Georgia has become a Famous tourist destination. Today the population of the country is 3 million and 700,000 people.
History and Development of Georgia
To fully appreciate what Georgia Country was able to achieve since it became independent you got to know what it was like just 20 years ago and back then the average salary was about $50 a month.
The crime was rampant and in some areas electricity was available just two hours per day.
Then in 2003 came the Rose Revolution and the opposition party of Mikhail Saakashvili came to power and that was the beginning of the new Georgia
1. Highway Construction
Upon arrival first thing is going to surprise you is the road infrastructure they built modern highways connected major cities.
The highway system doesn’t cover all the cities yet but they’re getting there along the roads you see modern rest areas with restaurants and even wind turbines.
The second thing that’s going to surprise you is the police.
You’re familiar with ex-USSR countries you know that bribes and corruption are ubiquitous and Georgia was no exception until they did a police reform and the public trust and the law enforcement skyrocketed to 87% from just 5%.
The old police staff was let go and the new police officers were recruited.
today they can even speak English which is helpful.
3. The lack of Bureaucracy
Actually Georgia is now the sixth country in the world in ease of doing business rankings.
Even ahead of the US Britain and Norway Wow paperwork has been reduced to a minimum and selling your apartment is going to take less than one hour.
4. International Tourism Development
Georgia Govt. put a lot of effort into the development of international tourism.
Just 15 years ago part anybody knew about places like Kakheti and spaghetti but it’s all changed now.
Places to Visit in Georgia
Let’s take a look at some exciting Tourist places of Georgia.
If you love wine then you’re gonna love this eastern region of Georgia known as Kakheti
It’s rich in history and there are many beautiful Churches and Castles.
The Kakheti and especially Teliani valley is the biggest wine region of Georgia and it’s considered the cradle of wine.
There are hundreds of small and large wineries almost anywhere you go you’ll be invited to taste a glass of wine.
The town of Sighnaghi located on a steep hill overlooks the vast Alazani Valley and it’s famous for its picturesque landscapes and narrow cobblestone streets.
If you love mountains you’ve got to visit this other destination Kazbegi.
the road from the capital city of Tbilisi to Kazbegi is known as the Georgian military road and it’s very picturesque.
You’ll be passing Jhinwvali Water reservoir- The dam was built in 1986 creating a beautiful artificial lake with a perfect blue surface.
An old fortress that was constructed in the 18th century. It might be one of the most beautiful churches in Georgia.
Here surprisingly we met some Chinese newlyweds and not only Chinese for that matter.
As you move further you’re gonna end up in Gudauri.
It’s the most famous Georgian ski resort. This key season here lasts from December to April.
Heli-Skiing is also available, Spa treatments, Paragliding, etc. Gudauri has more than 64 kilometers of ski runs and 15 lifts.
Soviet Georgia Friendship Memorial
Built-in the 1980s this unique semicircular stone structure is located in the very scenic place surrounded by dramatic Peaks.
You can rent ATVs to explore the area. The views are mind-blowing but in May it’s still pretty chilly.
Finally at the end of the Georgian military road is Mountain Kazbek.
One of the major mountains of the Caucasus with an elevation of five thousand meters.
Kazbek is in fact a potentially active volcano the main attraction here is the ger Getty Trinity Church.
The road to this church is pretty scary some stretches of the road are falling down literally.
Its location is what makes it so special it is perched 2200 meters high on a mountain overlooking the small town of Stefan’s Minda surrounded by snowy peaks in all sides.
Things to do in this Area
Well you can try
- Hiking to the Glacier,
- Rafting and
- Horseback Riding
By the way, Russia is just ten kilometers from here.
If You like parks and mineral water Springs then you got to go to Borjomi.
Borjomi is a resort town in central Georgia. It’s known for its mineral water springs in Borjomi Central Park.
Nearby trails wind through the vast wilderness of the park. Some really beautiful hotel buildings here
Nature everything weather is perfect that’s a nice place to visit in Georgia.
Finally the most exciting and remote destination the region of Svaneti.
This region is in the northwest of the country and it’s so remote and difficult to get to that road conditions can sometimes make it inaccessible and actually it wasn’t reachable by car until 1935
The main city of the region is Mestia. This place is dotted with defensive stone structures built from the 9th century to the 14th century.
They were once protecting the villagers from invaders. Svaneti is a nation land and it’s the home of the spans.
These unique cultures survived for thousands of years because of its remoteness. This locals still plow their fields by hand and livestock freely roamed the streets.
The span language is one thousand years older than Georgian.
In the wintertime, there’s a ski resort here and in the summertime, you can use the chairlift to take you up the mountain and enjoy the scenery.
In the evening you can go to one of the local cafes and enjoy traditional music and dances. Today this place gets tourists from all over rainy and peaceful but that’s what Mestia is all about.
Cities of Georgia
Now Let’s take a look at different cities in our Georgia Travel Guide
Gori is a city in eastern Georgia with a population of 48,000 people.
Gori Fortress is a medieval structure sitting above the city on a rocky hill. This fortress first appears in the 13th-century records.
This is the city of Gori and you can see a football stadium in the distance and that round building is a police station.
There is a museum dedicated to the life of Joseph Stalin the leader of Soviet Union who was born here and Virgin Mary cathedral built in 1810.
Uplistikhe city located just 10 kilometers east of Gori. There are about 700 caves in Uplishtikhe.
Uplistikhe and the surrounded archaeological monuments dating back to the early Bronze Age.
Kutaisi is the third most populous city in Georgia. They call it the city of may and roses and you can see a lot of roses in front of people’s houses.
The city is located on the Rihanna River. It’s the capital of the western region of Georgia.
From 2012 to 2018 Kutaisi was briefly the seat of the Parliament of Georgia as an effort to decentralize the Georgian government.
The city enjoys a humid subtropical climate and these palm trees everywhere.
Some of the main tourist attractions are kulchas fountain on the central square, the big Radi Cathedral that was built in the 11th century.
It’s sitting on a hill and people come here to enjoy the views of the city.
The resort city of Batumi. This is a Black Sea resort and the port city.
This coastal city has undergone an extreme facelift which makes it the perfect example of George’s transformation under mikhail saakashvili
Much of Batumi economy revolves around tourism and gambling. Tourists are flocking to Batumi and casinos are sprouted like mushrooms. Draw in an estimated 400,000 visitors a year. Mainly from Turkey where gambling is illegal.
It actually takes 15 minutes to drive to the Turkish border from Batumi Georgia.
The old town district is lined with renovated 19th century buildings.
Europe Square Cathedral of the mother of god
piazza square and others
The best thing about Batumi is its 10-kilometer lawn Batumi boulevard. It is absolutely great. Come here to watch stunning sunsets
There are amazing sculptures and lots of activity at all times of the day.
Did you know that Donald Trump was going to build a hotel in Batumi but he had to back out when he decided to run for president?
Some of the things to see in Batumi Gonia fortress Holly and Nino statute but to me Botanical Garden cha-cha clock tower and dancing fountains.
Tbilisi – The Capital of Georgia
Finally the capital of Georgia Tbilisi with a population of over 1 million people.
This ancient and vibrant city spreads out on both banks of the McQuarrie river. The main sights of the city are clustered in the old city.
This area is well known for its sulfur baths houses fed by natural hot springs.
To enjoy the city view from above take one of the modern cable cars straight up to the 4th century narikala fortress which looms over the city and is guarded by mother of Georgia Monument.
Lots of modern architecture to Bridge of peace house of justice Rike Park.
If you want to get away from the Sun on a hot summer day you might want to go to national Botanic Garden of Georgia.
Holy Trinity Cathedral can be seen from most parts of the city
Another interesting spot is the meteii Church and the statue of King Vakhtang Gargas Ali.
The busiest and most popular street in the city is rooster Valley Avenue. It begins at Freedom Square and extends for about 2 kilometers.
Strolling down Rustaveli Avenue you can observe the daily life of the city.
Listen to the street musicians and have a fresh-squeezed juiceand the local National Museum they also have a Museum of Soviet occupation and at the same time they have a style of Museum in the city of goriy.
Aghmashenebeli Avenue is another street you got a visit.
It has some gorgeous historic buildings and distinctive architecture as well as some great restaurants and cafes.
Lots of interest in places outside of the city too.
Sixth-century monastery a UNESCO World Heritage Site
The oldest city in Georgia
the Black Sea is very far from Tbilisi but they have its belissa sea instead it’s actually a large water reservoir.
What to Eat and Where to Eat – Georgian cuisine
Do you love meat do you love spicy food then you’re gonna enjoy Georgian cuisine.
Every region of Georgia has its own kind of cuisine.
Khinkali is one of the most famous Georgian dishes
It’s basically juicy dumplings and the proper way to eat them as you hold the crown which you don’t eat with your right hand then you slowly and carefully bite a small hole in the king Callie and drink the delicious juice inside and then you eat the rest
is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese filled bread the most popular variation at Jerian has an open boat shape and it’s topped with a raw egg
is a traditional georgian candle shaped candy nuts and sometimes raisins are threaded onto a string then dipped into thickened grape juice and then dried in the shape of a sausage
there is a good choice of drinks like lemonade’s and of course wines
there are wine shops on every corner George is one of the oldest wine regions in the world
Peoples of Georgia – Culture
Georgians are famous for their. Young Georgians are now very different from the older generation young Georgians especially in big cities speak good English and the older generation speaks Russian and they remember the times of the Soviet Union and some of them are still very nostalgic about it.
The signs in the streets now reflect the gradual change from the Russian language to English.
If you see community center in a small georgian town wow that sounds so American.
The United States is actively assisting in Georgia and strengthening state institutions and has provided the country with financial assistance in excess of three billion dollars since 1991 and Georgians seem to appreciate that a lot.
Salaries are still pretty low the official figure is about three hundred and fifty dollars a month but the real number is even lower it’s about anywhere from 110 to 180 dollars a month that’s definitely not a lot but it’s a big step forward from fifty dollars a month we used to have.
Georgia is one of the few ex-ussr countries that took their destiny and their own hands and now trying to establish themselves on the world tourist map and built a competitive economy.